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Rare China Stamps

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To mark the 1st Annivesary of the Death of Mei Lanfang, on September 15,1962, the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications issued one commemorative stamp (C94M) "Stage Art of Mei Lanfang".

The denomination is 3 yuan, the printing process is gravure, the size of souvenir sheet is 108mm * 146mm, the size of stamp is 52mm * 62mm, the perforation is 11.5. The picture of the souvenir sheet is from a scene in "the Druken Beauty",that is, when the beauty got very drunk, she sent for Emperor Tang Ming Huang, but her servant was afraid to go. She was so angry that she slapped him in the face. This souvenir sheet was beautifully designed and printed and full of Chinese characteristics. It is one of the best stamps in 30 years since the founding of China.The issuing quantity is 20,000, which is the smallest issuing quantity of all the souvenir sheets ever printed in China since 1949. Some were destroyed during the Cultural Revolution, only a very small amount exist, so it is taken as precious by stamps collectors.


In September 1968, during "the Cultural Revolution" , with the exception of Taiwan Province,all the other 29 provinces, cities and autonomous regions had set up the Revolutionary Committees. To commemorate and celebrate this event, the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunication decided to issue a stamp "All China Is Red" on November 25,1968. The face value was 8 fen. The design was workers, farmers and soliders holding "the Quotations of Chairman Mao"; the background of which was a red ocean of the banners of the " Revolutionary Committees" with the workers, farmers and soliders ardently cherring; at the top of which was a map of China, on the map all were painted red except Taiwan Province and the golden characters on the map read "All China Is Red" . The size of the stamp was 30mm * 40mm, the perforation was 11.5 * 11, the values in set was 50 (10 * 5) , the printing process was gravure and the printer was Beijing Postage Stamp Printing House.The stamps are referred to by stamp collectors as "All China Is Red"

On November 25,1968, the stamps were first issued in Beijing but the issue duration only lasted less than half a day. An editor from China Atlas Press found out that the map on the stamps was inaccurate because the Xisha and Nansha archipelagos were absent. He reported his founding to the Ministry. Having discovered the mistake, the Ministry promptly asked all the post offices to stop the sale of the stamps and to return all of them to the Ministry. However, several post offices had already sold some in advance. Therefore, a limited number of the stamps came to private collections. Due to its extremely limited number,"All China Is Red" has become one of the most famous rare stamps in China since 1949 and also found its place among the most famous rare stamps in the world.


"The whole country is red" stamp (the big one) is bigger than that of the stamp with the same name "the whole country is red" issued in November 25 of the same year. Till September 1968, committees of revolutions had been set up in 29 provinces, cities and autonomous regions all over China with the exception of Taiwan Province.To celebrate the complete triumph of "the Cultural Revolution", the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications scheduled to issue a set of commemorative stamps.The set of the stamps had a red map of China printed with" the whole country is red"; at the bottom was the picture of workers, farmers and soliders waving the "Selected Works of Mao Zhedong", there was an red ocean of flags; on the bottom margin printed "long life the complete triumph of the cultural revolution" on the upper left margin, it was printed"Chinese People's Post". On the bottom left was the denomination of "8 fen". The size of the stamp was 60mm * 40mm. The stamps were printed out but were not issued. But a small quantity went to private possession. Due to the limited quantity, they are deemed precious by stamp collectors.


"Tian An Men Shines Brightly" is refered by stamp collectors as "Shines Brightly". It was issued in 1956 as one of the special stamps of "The Scenic Spots of the Capital".

On June 15,1956, the Ministry of the Posts and Telecommunication issued a set of special stamps------" The Scenic Spots of the Capital". The values in set was 5, the designs were the Summer Palace, Beihai Park, Tian An Men, the Temple of Heaven and the Hall of Supreme Harmony. The design of Tian An Men showed the scene of Tian An Men in the morning with the bright sun rising in the east, but the printing result was not good: the auspicious clouds over Tian An Men turned out to be glaring sunlight. The glaring sunlight looked very unpleasant and objections had been raised before the issue. The Ministry , therefore, decided to stop the issue of the stamps and take them back. The rest of the four stamps in the set were issued according to the original schedule. But the post offices in Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other provinces had already started to sell the stamps. Although most of the sold stamps were taken back, six to seven hundred stamps or so still remained in private collections.On Feburary 20, 1957, a new version of the the stamps of "Tian An Men Shines Brightly" were issued.

This is why "Shines Brightly" is so valuable.Only a lucky few have them.


Mao Zedong Wrote a Few Words for the Janpanese Workers. This stamp was not officially issued during the "Cultural Revolution", but several stamps------both old and new ones have shown up in different parts of China in recent years. The denomination is 8 fen, the inscription in the stamps is :" When the universal truth of Marxism and leninism is combined with the specific practice of the Janpanese revolution, the victory of the Janpanese revolution is without question." The colour of stamp is slightly orange-red with black characters on it. In the upper-left margin, it is printed "Chinese People's Posts"; at the bottom, it is printed "8 fen"; the size is 52mm * 31mm. The department of issuing stamps never mentioned how the stamp had been desiged, printed and its schedule of issue. Due to the small amount,thet are very precious.


November 7,1952 was the 35th Anniversary of the October Revolution, so the Ministry of Post and Telecommunication scheduled to issue a set of commemorative stamps: the values of set were 4, the denomination of each was 800 yuan (old RMB). The picture in the first stamp was Mao Zedong and Stalin on the tower of the Kremlin, the picture of the second stamp was lenin making a speech on the Second Representatives' Conference of Soviet Unions, the third was the statue of Stalin at the mouth of the Lenin Canal, the forth was Stalin making a speech. The draft of stamps was approved and named by the Association of Friendship between China and Soviet Unions as "the 35th Annivesary of the Great October Revolution". Directorate general of Posts in the mean time designed the commemorative postmark and sent it to the Central Office for verification. The Central Office aksed to add two words--Soviet Unions, therefore the name was changed to"the 35th Annivesary of the Great October Revolution of Soviet Unions". The draft underwent several alterations so the stamps did not come out in November 7. The date of issue was moved to Feburary 14,1953-----the annivesary of the signing of alliance and mutual assistance pack by China and the Soviet Unions. On Jan. 31,1953, in the "Bulletin of the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications" there was a notice about the issue of "the 35th Annivesary of the Great October Revolution of the Soviet Unions" stamps. Shanghai Post Office on receiving the notice raised a question about the name of stamps, the Ministry of Propaganda pointed ou that the October Revolution had took place prior to the founding of the Soviet Unions so the sales of the stamps should be cancelled. But at the time,the stamps had been distributed to post offices all over China, waiting for sales in Febuary 14. According to statistics,at the time over 40,000 pieces had been sold in about 100 post offices nationwide. Hunan Province had forgot to hand out notices of stopping sales, therefore, this provinve sold the most stamps. The reprinted stamps were issued on October 5,1953.


On December 1, 1962, the Ministry of the Posts and Telecommunication issued a set of commemorative stamps-----C92 "Scientists of Ancient China (I) , the values in set was 8. They introduced several scientists of ancient China, namely, Tsai Lun of East Han Dynasty (the inventor of paper-making process), Sun Si-miao of Tang Dynasty (Physician) , Shen Kuo of Song Dynasty (Geologist), Guo Shou-jing of Yuan Dynasty (Astronomer). In the stamps, there were the dates of birth and death and dynasties the scientists lived in under each name. Tsai Lun was a famouse scientist in East Han Dynasty. He invented the paper-making process. Since the date of his birth is unknown so in the stamp it should read "Tsai Lun ( ? ------121 ) , Han Dynasty ", but the stamp designer wrote in the painting of the stamp " Tsai Lun ( BC ? ------121), Han Dynasty" . The error hadn't been discovered until it was about to be printed out. The printing workers then had to take out the word " BC" one by one from the dies. Through an oversight, one was not picked out; therefore, the error remained in the No. 16 stamp in every post office sheet. During the sale, some stamp collectors found out the error by chance. The Stamp Issuing Department took the errors back. But several thousand such stamps were not returned so they are very valuable.


 

To commemorate the 5th International Student's Union Congress in Beijing , the Stamp Issuing Bureau planned to issue a set of commemorative stamps on September 4, 1958; the values in set was 2; the serial number was: C54; the face values were 8 fen (purple) and 22 fen (green), the design was the emblem of the Congress. The emblem consisted of the number "5", the Earth, the torch and the book; under the emblem was the rostrum of Tian An Men with the year of "1958" printed on the rostrum. On the stamp, it printed "The 5th International Students Congress". Several days before the issue, however, the authorities found out that the congress which was organized by the International Student's Union should be entitled "The 5th International Student's Union Congress". The title on the issued stamps was not correct; the issue of the stamps must be cancelled and new dies must be made. The stamps had been distributed to the post offices, and several post offices had started to sell the stamps in advance. So a very limited number of the errors went to private collections.


In Febuary, 1953, to give favored treatment to the soliders, the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunication issued a set of "Military Post" stamps. The values in set were 3, the face values were all 800 old RMB, the design was "August 1st"------the emblem of the People's Liberation Army. Under the emblem, it printed "Military Post ", "Chinese People's Posts", "800 Yuan". The shading of the first design was orange-red, it was refered to as "Yellow Military Post" ; the second design was purple, it was refered to as "Purple Military Post"; the third one was blue, it was refered to as "Blue Military Post" . The size was 21mm * 32mm, the perforation was 14, the sheet composition was 90 (9 *10); the printing process was offset. The printer was Beijing People's Printing House. The issue had been scheduled as on August 1,1953. The stamps had been printed since early July,1953. They were the first military post stamps of China since 1949. Having been printed out, the stamps were distributed to the armies and military offices, each officer and ordinary solider were given two stamps per month for postage. Some armies commented that without code-named post boxes, the use of military post stamps could cause leak of secrets and the range and users of the stamps could not be controlled and so on. Therefore, the authorities decided to "postpone the implementation", and prohibited the using. Later, all the undistributed stamps were ordered to be destroyed. The stamps at the officers' and soliders' hands still could be used. These three kinds of stamps were in private collections, among which the blue "Military Post" stamps came out at a later date, so they were less and became very rare and valuable.


The regular stamps of Tian'anmen, came out on April 18,1951, are stamps with the highest face values ever issued in China since 1949.

The face values, respectively, are 10,000; 20,000; 30,000, 50,000; 100,000 and 200,000 (old RMB).

Due to the fact that they were mostly used on parcels and remittance, there is only a small number of stamps in the possession of the stamp collectors.

They are famouse for the high face values and the very limited number. Therefore, the stamps are very valuable------both the new ones and the old ones.


Gengshen Year (1980 Year of the Monkey)

Scott No: 1586 Serial number: T46 Values in set: 1 Date of issue: February 15, 1980 Denomination: 8 fen Designer: Shao Boling Engraver: Jiang Weijie Size of stamps: 26*31mm Perforation: 11.5 Sheet composition: 80(8*10)

Printing process: Engraving and photogravure

Printing House: Beijing Postage Stamp Printing Works


Study Science from Childhood
Scott No: 1512-18
Serial number: T41, T41m Values in set: 6
Date of issue: October 3, 1979
Denomination: 100 fen
Designer: Zou Jianjun
Size of stamps: 26*31mm
Perforation: 11.5
Sheet composition: 80(8*10)
Size of S/S: 148*90mm
Stamp of S/S: 90*40
Perforation: 11.5*11
Printing process: Photogravure
Printing House: Beijing Postage Stamp Printing Works


Stage Art of Mei Lanfang

Scott No: 620-628
Serial number: C94, C94m
Values in set: 8
Date of issue: August 8, 1962
Denomination: 152 fen
Designer: Wu Jiankun
Size of stamps: 
26.5*36mm for Value 1, 2, 3, 4, 5;
36*26.5mm for Value 6, 7, 8
Perforation: 
11.5*11 for Value 1, 2, 3, 4, 5;
11*11.5 for Value 6, 7, 8
Sheet composition: 
50(10*5) for Value 1, 2, 3, 4, 5;
50(5*10) for Value 6, 7, 8
Size of S/S: 108*146mm
Stamp of S/S: 52*62 mm
Perforation of S/S: 11.5
Printing process: Photogravure
Printing House: Beijing Postage Stamp Printing Works


15th Anniv. of Founding of PRC

Scott No: 796-798, 796a
Serial number: C106, C106m
Values in set: 3
Date of issue: 
October 1, 1964 for mint stamps;
October 20, 1964 for S/S
Denomination: 24 fen
Designer: Lu Tianjiao
Size of stamps: 31*52mm
Perforation: 11.5
Sheet composition: 50(10*5)
Size of S/S: 154*114mm
Stamp of S/S: 31*52
Perforation of S/S: 11.5
Printing process: Photogravure
Printing House: Beijing Postage Stamp Printing Works


Landscapes of Huangshan

Scott No: 716-731
Serial number: S57
Values in set: 16
Date of issue: October 15, 1963
Denomination: 210 fen
Designer: Sun Chuanzhe
Engraver: Kong Shaohui, Tang Linshen, Gao Pinzhang, Sun Hongnian
Size of stamps: 
27.5*48mm for Value 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8;
48.5*27mm for Value 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
Perforation: 11.5
Sheet composition: 
50(10*5) for Value 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8;
50(5*10) for Value 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
Printing process: Engraving and photogravure
Printing House: Beijing Postage Stamp Printing Works


To be continued...

 

 

 

 

 

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